Today, doctors and healthcare practitioners rely extensively on laboratory test results along with your medical history, a physical exam, and probably other diagnostic procedures and imaging studies to make healthcare decisions.
Licensed healthcare providers (doctors) usually order laboratory tests based on the clinical history and physical examination in order to make the right diagnosis. However in India, laboratory test may be requested for by the patients themselves.
The doctor that ordered your test is the best person to interpret the results of the laboratory tests based on your clinical history and signs and symptoms. However we provide interpretative reporting of test results if you require. Laboratory medicine expert interprets the results of tests making for a better diagnosis and thus treatment.
Laboratory tests are useful in three ways:
Over 75% of the decisions your doctor makes about your health care are based on laboratory results. Your doctor is depending on information received from your laboratory to make the best possible choices for you. So it's important to make sure your laboratory provides the highest quality results.
All laboratories strive to provide accurate and reliable laboratory results. However, in your best interests you would be advised to do your tests in a laboratory that is run and managed by laboratory medicine expert, a qualified clinical pathologist, who not only understand but also interpret your test results. Credible results are important to ensure you get the right treatment from your healthcare provider.
You can choose to go to any laboratory. If your doctor wants you to go to a particular laboratory, you may follow that advice. But if your doctor does not specify one, you can choose whichever laboratory you prefer.
Laboratories process several samples daily. Personal information in the form of name, age and address are repeatedly asked by laboratory personnel to ensure that we have the right information and also that you get your own results—not someone else's as your treatment depends on these results This is an important part of our quality assurance.
The laboratory has a tested and fool proof system in place where all samples are collected into labelled containers. Your sample is assigned a unique computer generated number and you are assigned a unique identification number. The laboratory information software and the trained personnel ensure that only those tests that are billed for a particular patient are performed and only those results are released.
We continually work to make sure our tests require the least amount of blood possible. Still, different tests often require separate tubes of blood. This depends on the tests your doctor requests. You can rest assured that we will only draw the minimum amount of blood required.
Drawing blood does hurt. The best way to make the process easier and pain free is simply to trust your phlebotomist. All of our phlebotomists are highly trained, and they take pride in making the process as pleasant and pain-free as possible. If having your blood drawn makes you nervous, talk to your phlebotomist. This can help us to find a way to make things more comfortable for you.
Blood collection is performed by trained phlebotomists who ensure that there is minimal discomfort during the procedure. However, you may experience bleeding or bruising at the site, tingling of the arm from which blood is collected or a painful swelling.
Our phlebotomists apply pressure on the puncture site and place a medicated plaster on the puncture site. You could leave the plaster on for at least 4-6 hours; carry items using the opposite arm at least for 2 hours after collection, avoid lifting heavy objects with the arm from which blood has been collected, avoid activities that will put stress on the puncture site.
We use only sterile equipment and a closed system for blood collection. Our specimen collection staff are trained in infection control.
We have a set of phlebotomists or blood collection staffs that are trained by both professionals and in-house to carry out both routine and difficult collections. We also use the most appropriate system for the vein. Some of our staff are specially trained to collect samples from small babies and children.
If you have any concerns about having your sample taken, we encourage you to talk to us before samples are drawn.
You can call our laboratory to request for our phlebotomists/technical staff to schedule a visit to your house to collect samples. You are advised to use these services for a genuine need.
Yes, you need to reschedule the test. Tests that require a fasting sample should be given following an overnight fast of 8-12 hours. You may however drink water. All scheduled medication may be taken.
Synonyms: CBC, CBC with differential, blood count
There are three main categories of cells in human blood: Red Blood Cells (RBCs), White Blood Cells (WBCs) and platelets.
A complete blood count, or CBC, is a count of the red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets in a definite volume of blood. A CBC also includes a measurement of haemoglobin, the protein that carries oxygen within the red blood cells. A haematocrit is a measurement of the percent volume of red cells, white cells and plasma. A differential WBC count is a count of the different types of white blood cells. A CBC also includes ESR or Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate that tells you about health and disease. A CBC can tell you a great deal about the state of your health. Medical conditions that cause an abnormal blood count include anaemia, the presence of an infection and some kinds of cancer and bleeding disorders. Blood counts can be used for screening, diagnosis or management of certain diseases and medical conditions.
Synonyms: Routine urinalysis, UA
Routine urinalysis includes the examination of the physical, chemical characteristics and microscopic elements of urine.
Urine examination is usually done on a urine sample that is provided at any time of the day without any specific patient preparation.
Physical and chemical characteristics include colour, appearance, specific gravity (a measure of dissolved substances), pH (acidity), the presence of protein, glucose (sugar), occult ("hidden") blood, ketone bodies, bilirubin and urobilinogen. The microscopic examination may find casts, crystals, blood and other types of cells.
A simple routine urinalysis can tell your doctor a great deal. Diabetes, urinary tract infections and kidney problems are among the many medical conditions that can be detected by routine urinalysis results. Very often, a routine urinalysis is part of a general physical exam.
A routine urinalysis does not detect drugs of abuse. A special drugs-of-abuse screening test is used to detect the presence of those substances.